Waste flows

To understand how well the waste management system works it is necessary to study the waste flows from waste generation to waste treatment. IVL analyses the entire flow from different businesses as well as specific flows of various waste fractions.

Waste arises in all businesses and in households. It then undergoes different types of treatment such as recycling or incineration. In 2014 the amount of treated household waste was 4,547,160 tonnes. This corresponds to 466 kilos per capita out which for example 8 kilos are textile waste. The waste flow of electronic waste is also growing fast. During 2014 the organisation Elkretsen collected 147,500 tonnes of electronic waste in Sweden.

Waste flows are of importance in order to see how the different goals for recycling are met. IVL follows the waste flows from businesses to end-treatment and we also analyse the flows of specific waste fractions such as for example textile waste, food waste and electronic waste.

We also study waste flows from cities using the concept of urban metabolism with different resource flows and storage times.